Multitasking is a necessary evil in today’s work setup. Everyone needs to be ready to handle multiple jobs effectively to become truely productive. But we need to understand that multitasking comes at a cost.
Question: Would you like your team member to work on the four critical reports that he has to submit on Monday?
Question: Do you want your surgeon to work on three other patients while you perform a critical operation?
These questions illuminate the modern dilemma of the modern employer, “when and why do I need Pros and Cons of Multitasking?”. To get answers, we define Pros and Cons of Multitasking and then discover some advantages and disadvantages associated with it.
Pros and Cons of Multitasking
A 2013 study that required the participants to perform cognitive tasks while she was sitting in a quiet room and back during cycling that her cycling speed was faster in performing cognitive tasks, with the most improvements during the six simplest cognitive tasks. As the cognitive tasks are tougher, they began to pay attention to the execution of both tasks so that the participants could not run so fast.
There are some profits through Pros and Cons of Multitasking. Today it was also developed in different versions. The first is real multitasking: talking on the phone and checking our bank accounts online; talking to a colleague and completing an official form. True multitasking is possible, but at least one of the tasks should be practiced as without thinking.
Then there is a job change that is needed if you are challenging to create a presentation for your boss while also filling out phone calls for your boss and an email if your boss wants you.
How does it affect organizations
RescueTime, a company that analyzes computer habits and data from 40,000 people who have software on their computers, have determined that the employee usually stops on 40 websites all day. The broken attention comes at a price. In the United States, over $ 650 billion a year was lost in productivity due to unnecessary interruptions, mainly oral cases, according to research firm Basex. The company says that a big part of this cost comes from the time it takes people to recover from a break and get back to work.
So, what are the insights that we can derive from the above data? There are certain conditions in which multitasking should be exercised as it has a number of short-term benefits.
List of multitasking pros
1. Increase in efficiency
Multitasking helps you achieve different goals in less time. A professional can complete several tasks at the same time as another does a task. There are many routine tasks that every individual has to do almost every day. These routine tasks require multitasking. For example, finishing the usual telephone calls in the first hour of work and consulting all the new emails can be done simultaneously.
2. Increase in productivity
Not all the tasks that a professional does are, in fact, generate income. Many tasks are facilitators or just things to do. These simple and mundane tasks, often excessive and unnecessary, have no impact on the bottom line of the company or that of the professional. In a way, good and productive hours are spent on these tasks when you can spend the same time on jobs that generate more revenue or have a tangible impact on the company or individual’s fortune. Multitasking increases productivity.
3. Increase in the capacity of recovery
Multitasking is demanding. A person must be truly focused on the different tasks in their hands to do them. This helps to strengthen the mental focus. One of them is trained to switch from one task to another, thus allowing flexibility of focus. This level of approach and capacity for change also increase the capacity for recovery. Given the world in which we live and work, there are constant conversations everywhere. With many distractions, you can do it with a little more focus and resistance.
4. Flexibility and adaptability
The possibility of changing from one task to another quickly and working in different things at the same time improves the adaptability of the human mind. The focus of a person is flexible. The habit of adaptability is developed.
List of Multitasking cons
1. Declining Quality
The multitasking is in a hurry. In some cases, it can be the efficiency and the increase in production, but in some cases, it can lead to a commitment of quality. There can be many errors too.
2. Chronic discharge
Multitasking is distracting. While a person is focused on multiple tasks in her hand, he or she is distracted from everything else. This distraction can become chronic. It may be that the person can not focus on anything else. Simple or singular tasks may not have sufficient focus and can be extracted in lesser, repetitive tasks that can be automated or quickly performed without much brain work.
3. Procrastination and Incorrect Priorities
Multitasking does not segregate tasks according to priority or importance. It allows an erroneous idea that a person can do a job at any time and in any way. This shows the procrastination. Pros and Cons of Multitasking.