Why Indian Engineering Colleges are Facing Decline in Student Enrollment

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The continuous decline in the students enrolling in the engineering colleges in India is an area of concern for the education experts. As per the All Indian Council for Technical Education (AICTE), there are more than 3393 IT and software engineering colleges all across the country and the annual intake capacity of these colleges is more than million. But more than 2 lakh seats have gone vacant which really shows the continuous decline in the students’ interest for engineering courses.

What’s the reason for this decline?

  • Lack of Quality in the Education

In the year 2015, IITs had to admit students with scores as low as 31/504, i.e. 6.1% in order to fill the vacant seats. According to an IIT Director, they have to follow the constitutional reservation system and the seats cannot be kept vacant considering the high demand for admission in IITs. He marks the lack of quality as the most important reason behind this. He mentioned that government should instead focus more on improving the secondary education at school level.

President Pranab Mukherjee said while addressing an event on the occasion of Teacher’s Day, “Despite having infrastructure, there is a big deficiency in terms of quality of education. Every year more than 60,000 students leave our country to get higher education from Oxford, Cambridge etc. We shall have to make this flow reverse.”

  • Steep Decline in Campus Recruitment

According to a recent study conducted by the Aspiring Minds, over 80% of the engineering graduates in India are unemployable. This is very much evident due to a significant skill gap in the country. The report highlighted the need for an upgraded education and training system in India.

It has been observed that companies often complain that they do not get the necessary skills and talent required for a job.

  • Closure of Several Technical Institutions in the Country

Due to lack of filling of seats, many technical institutions have already been closed which gives an indication of the current scenario of engineering courses to the aspirants while planning to choose their degree course. This is also because of a severe shortage of qualified and trained faculties in the Indian engineering colleges.

  • Willingness to Experiment

Students are now ready to travel the lesser known paths. Instead of following the traditional courses blindly, they are now trying out other courses such as architecture and pharmacy. According to the Directorate of Technical Engineering, Mumbai, Bachelors of Architecture and Pharmacy courses have seen a rise ranging from 5 to 50%.

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